Why Are The Ebira Groups Known As “Ebira”?

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This is a very controversial matter and there seems to be no authoritative explanation yet. But according to Ebira tradition coupled with the British reports, we are known as because the man who had led people to found what later became Igbirra Division in 1923 was called “Ebira”.

Cator [1917:11] reported: “The Egbirra settled down as five branches [in close contiguity but fairly distinct] under five sons of their Old Chiefs whose name is said have been Egbira or Igbirra; and the branches  were called after the five sons, Okengwe, Odabi, Ihima, Ika Ekehi”. This claim is questionable because the ancestor of Ebira panda and Ebira Igu was Ohimi and its difficult to explain why these other groups would prefer the uncles name.  However, the colonial administrators have the following explanation to give why the Ebira kinsmen at Igu and Panda are also called Ebiras. Statutory documents revealed that:

    The Sarkin Koton Karfe is also a descendant of Aiyegba Doko, his ancestor being a son of this Atta by an Okpoto wife. He followed his Uncle Igbira into Kpeti country but afterwards re crossed the river, though calls himself an Igbira in preference to being known as Okpoto….” [Ethnological Notes On The Tribes In Idah Division] While this theory may explain why the descendants of Ohimi are known as Ebiras” we cannot justify its validity or infallibility. None of our traditions favors this theory. The word ‘Ebira’ seems therefore to have a common root. However according to Davis [In His Biu Book] Bira was believed to be the Old Jukun Capital on the Upper Gongola River and this Appear to be the only acceptable reason why Ebiras, the offshoots of the Jukuns, are called Ebiras [a shortened form of “Anebira” People Of Bira]. We should therefore be called “Ebira” and not “Igbira”.

Credits To E.D Ahmadu.
Who Are The Ebiras?.


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1 Comments

  1. the argument advanced that the ancestors of ebira igu and ebira panda were the ihimas is not tenable in my humble opinion. the ebiras were migrating southwards from the north across the river. the ebira panda and ebira igu closer north therefore could not have originated from the ihimas who are further south

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